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Behind the brown spot

Dark marks, brown spots & more: hyperpigmentation, demystified.

Brown spots have a major influence on how old people think we are. In fact, one study showed that unbalanced skin tone can make a person look more than 12 years older! The big questions: where do they come from, and what can you do about them?

It helps to understand the science behind brown spots. The official term for brown spots and other forms of skin discolouration is hyperpigmentation. Unlike freckles, hyperpigmentation doesn’t fade in winter and, unfortunately, it becomes more visible as we age.

But what causes it? Irregular production of melanin (the brown or reddish pigment in skin). Certain triggers – unprotected sun exposure in particular – causes this irregular production, which leads to surface color-clumping. Other causes include hormonal factors (birth control pills and pregnancy), and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) caused by past trauma or scarring (think a popped pimple or a deep cut). Hormonal hyperpigmentation and PIH are both intensified by sun exposure.

30 minutes unprotected in the sun can undo a month’s worth of effort in fighting hyperpigmentation

So, what to do about it? Here’s how to figure out what’s causing your brown spots – and take action.

Call in the experts

Despite Ask a Dermalogica skin therapist for a free Face Mapping® skin analysis and consultation to get to the root of your brown spots. Knowing your personal triggers will reveal the best treatment. They can even recommend professional treatments that can help you banish dark spots faster!

Apply SPF daily

Sunscreen helps prevent UV light from bringing new spots to the surface – and it also helps control the colour intensity of the spots you can see. Wear it daily to make the most of the treatments you try – spending just 30 minutes unprotected in the sun can undo a month’s worth of effort in fighting hyperpigmentation!

Know your ingredients

There are a number of ingredients that can help address hyperpigmentation, but Vitamin C stands out as one of the most powerful. As one of the most potent antioxidants available, it’s highly effective at scavenging free radicals. New research shows that it can also enhance skin’s natural defence system, helping it defend itself against future oxidative stress – effectively brightening skin from inside and out. Just make sure to choose a Vitamin C formula that’s both ultra-stable and highly bioavailable.

Be patient

There’s no quick fix for hyperpigmentation: it can take at least 30 days of skin care treatment (with sunscreen use) before you see any progress. Additionally, some spots may look darker before they lighten; this is because they gradually rise to the skin’s surface as you continue to exfoliate. But stick with it, and you’ll eventually see brighter, firmer, more radiant skin!

 

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How to store skin care products

Home storage habits can affect how well your skin care products work on your skin. High-quality skin care in airless pumps and tubes can remain highly-effective for several years when stored away from heat. But every product becomes vulnerable to air, temperature and bacteria as soon as it is opened.

To get the maximum benefit and life out of your Dermalogica products, follow these storage tips from our professional skin therapists:

  • keep daily microfoliant® out of the shower

If water gets inside the container of this popular powder-to-emulsion formula, it can cause clumping and activate ingredients too early, reducing effectiveness on the skin.

  • SPF products should be in the shade

Hot temperatures can shorten product life and decrease the effectiveness of active ingredients such as those in sunscreens.

  • take lip treatments out of the car

Hot cars are bad for all products, but they can completely melt (aka ruin) lip products. Once melted, a product should not be used, even if cooled and solidified.

  • steer clear of the window sill

Store products in cool, dark places to preserve the integrity of their ingredients. The refrigerator is great for toners and masques because it adds a more refreshing, cooling effect!

 

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Better skin, see a therapist.

Why do you need a professional skin therapist?

For the same reason, doctor an dentist check-ups are necessary: for better health! 

Skin is a living part of your body (your largest organ, in fact), that defends against environmental assaults and extreme temperatures. It helps to eliminate toxins from the body. It heals from cuts, abrasions and scratches like a champ. It’s continually renewing and protecting.. Simply put, skin keeps the bad stuff out and the good stuff in.

So why do you dote more on your hair and nails – two items on your body that aren’t living?

Your skin needs personal attention from a professional – and that professional is a Dermalogica professional skin therapist.

Dermalogica, trains more than 75,000 skin therapists a year. Dermalogica professional skin therapists are licensed, intensely educated skin health experts trained to prescribe Dermalogica products and deliver Dermalogica professional skin treatments. They have the answers to your most pressing skin care concerns. They know how to deliver real, visible results. They’re the best in the business and have a real passion for taking care of your skin.

Your best-looking skin starts with healthy skin, and healthy skin starts with a Dermalogica skin therapist. Start living your healthiest skin!

 

 

Credit: Dermalogica Australia